Primary Arabic Sources

Barāda, ʿAlī Ḥarāzim al-. Jawāhir al-maʿānī wa bulūgh al-amānī fī fayḍ saydī Abī ʿAbbās Aḥmad al-Tijānī. Cairo: al-Sharika al-Dawla, 2011.

Niasse, Ibrāhīm b. ʿAbd-Allāh. Kāshif Al-Ilbās ʿan Fayḍa Al-Khatm Abī Al-ʿabbās.  Cairo: al-Sharika al-dawliyya, 2001.

Mishrī, Muḥammad b. al-. al-Jāmiʿ li-durar al-ʿulūm al-fāʾiḍa min baḥār al-quṭb al-maktūm. Rabat: Zanqa al-Māmūniyya, 2012.

Mishrī, Muḥammad b. al-. Rawḍ al-muḥibb al-fānī. Rabat: Zanqa al-Māmūniyya, 2012.

Sāʾiḥ, Muḥammad al-ʿArabī al-. Bughiyat al-mustafīd sharḥ muniyat al-murīd. Casablanca: Dār al-Rashād, 2009.

Sufiyānī, Muḥammad al-Ṭayyib al-. al-Ifādat al-Aḥmadiyya li-murīd al-saʿāda al-abadiyya. Taghzūt, Algeria: Dār al-Tijānī, 2007.

Sukayrij, Aḥmad. Kashf al-ḥijāb ʿaman talāqā maʿa l-shaykh al-Tijānī min al-aṣḥāb. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub, 1999.

Tāl, ʿUmar b. Saʿīd, Rimāḥ Ḥizb Al-Raḥīm ʿala Nuḥūr Ḥizb Al-Rajīm.  Beruit: Dār al-Fikr, 2001.

Tāl, ʿUmar b. Saʿīd. Voilà Ce Qui Est Arrivé – BayâN Mâ Waqaʻa D’al-ḤâǦǦ ʻumar Al-FûTî: Plaidoyer Pour Une Guerre Sainte En Afrique De L’ouest Au Xixe SièCle. Fontes Historiae Africanae 8. edited by Translated by Sidi Mohamed Mahibou and Jean-Louis Triaud Paris: Centre régional de publication de Paris, Editions du Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1983.

Tijānī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-. Aḥzāb Wa Awrād.  Cairo: al-Zawiya al-Tijaniyya al-Kubra, 2007.

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———. “Nach Der “Flut”: Ibrāhīm Niasse (1900-1975), Sufik Und Gesellschaft in Westafrika.” Universität Bayreuth, 2004.

———. “The Shurafa’ and the ‘Blacksmith'” the Role of the Idaw ʿalī of Mauritania in the Career of the Senegalese Shaykh Ibrāhīm Niasse (1900-1975).” In The Transmission of Learning in Islamic Africa, edited by Scott Steven Reese. Islam in Africa. Leiden: Brill, 2004.

———. “Three Ibrāhīms: Literary Production and the Remaking of the Tijaniyya Sufi Order in Twentieth-Century Sudanic Africa.” Die Welt des Islams 49 (2009): 299-333.

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